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Delete footnote/endnote from word document using System.IO.Packaging API

Delete footnote/endnote from word document using System.IO.Packaging API

  • Comments 11

Article by Mallika Biswas, Sonata Software Limited


This article explains how to delete footnotes and endnotes from an existing word document using System.IO.Packaging API in C# project.


Steps to be followed:


1. Create a new C# project. Go to references, add the WindowsBase.dll.

·         Go to Add reference dialog box and go to browse tab.

·         From C:\Program Files\Reference Assemblies\Microsoft\Framework\v3.0 add WindowsBase.dll


2. Import the namespace:

  using System.IO.Packaging


3. Open the word document from where footnotes and endnotes to be removed.

          pack =Package.Open(filepath,FileMode.Open, FileAccess.ReadWrite);


4. Get the main document  part.

                  foreach (System.IO.Packaging.PackageRelationship relationship in                               pack.GetRelationshipsByType(documentRelationshipType))


                documentUri = PackUriHelper.ResolvePartUri(new Uri("/",   UriKind.Relative), relationship.TargetUri);


                documentPart = pack.GetPart(documentUri);

                break;//only one part




5. Load the document.xml file.



6. Search for the “w:footnotereference”  and “w:endnotereference”  element in document.xml.

            XmlNodeList footnodes = xdoc.SelectNodes("//" + footref, nsManager);

            if (footnodes.Count ==0 && endnotes.Count==0)


                MessageBox.Show("no footnotes and endnotes to remove");



 7. Remove  footnotereference  and endnotereference    element  from  document.xml:

                 foreach (XmlNode footnode in footnodes)


                    XmlNode pnode = footnode.ParentNode;



foreach (XmlNode endnote in endnotes)


                    XmlNode enode = endnote.ParentNode;




8. Remove footnote part and relationship from  the document part.

foreach (System.IO.Packaging.PackageRelationship footrels in documentPart.GetRelationshipsByType(footnoterels))


                    Uri footnoteuri = PackUriHelper.ResolvePartUri(documentUri, footrels.TargetUri);

                    footnoteids[no2] = footrels.Id;//here ids are taken for deleting relationship//









                for (int i = 0; i < no2; i++)






9. Remove endnote part and relationship from the document part.

foreach (System.IO.Packaging.PackageRelationship endrels in documentPart.GetRelationshipsByType(endnoterels))


                    Uri endnoteuri = PackUriHelper.ResolvePartUri(documentUri, endrels.TargetUri);

                    endnoteids[no] = endrels.Id;







  for (int i = 0; i < no; i++)




10. Save the document part.

xdoc.Save(documentPart.GetStream(FileMode.Create, FileAccess.Write));


11.Get the settings part from the document part.

foreach (System.IO.Packaging.PackageRelationship setrels in documentPart.GetRelationshipsByType(settingsrels))



                    settingsuri = PackUriHelper.ResolvePartUri(documentUri, setrels.TargetUri);


                    settingspart = pack.GetPart(settingsuri);





12. Load the settings.xml



13. Remove “w:footnotePr” and “w:endnotePr” from settings.xml part.

  foreach (System.Xml.XmlNode docfootnode in docfootnodes)


                    XmlNode parentNode = docfootnode.ParentNode;




foreach (System.Xml.XmlNode endnode in endnodes)



                    XmlNode parentNode2 = endnode.ParentNode;




14. Save the part and close the package.




This sample demo demonstates use of System.IO.Packaging API to delete footnotes and end notes using C# project. The example demo is attached with the article as a zip file.



Attachment: footnoteremoval.zip
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