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Changing chart type in a SpreadsheetML document

Changing chart type in a SpreadsheetML document

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Article By - Sheela E.N, Sonata Software Limited


This article explains the process of changing type of chart in a SpreadsheetML document programmatically using Open XML SDK API.


In this article, we will be replacing a bar chart embedded in the excel work sheet to pie chart. We will be loading the pre-existing pie chart XML file instead of generating the same programmatically.


1.      Create a C# project; add a reference to openxml dll


·         In the Add Reference dialog box, click the .NET tab.

·         Scroll to the Microsoft.Office.DocumentFormat.OpenXml option, select it, and then click OK.


2.      Import the namespace to refer to the dll


using Microsoft.Office.DocumentFormat.OpenXml.Packaging;


3.      Declare necessary namespaces


string strChrtNS = "http://schemas.openxmlformats.org/officeDocument/2006/relationships/chart";


4.      Open the Excel document.


SpreadsheetDocument xlDoc = SpreadsheetDocument.Open("../../BarChart.xlsx", true);


5.      Get the handler for each worksheet of a workbook


foreach (WorksheetPart wrkSh in xlDoc.WorkbookPart.WorksheetParts)


6.      For a given worksheet, search for chart object


foreach (IdPartPair var2 in part.Parts)


if (var2.OpenXmlPart.RelationshipType.ToString() == strChrtNS)


7.      If chart object is found, load the xml file having pie chart into the openxml part and save


ChartPart chartType = (ChartPart)var2.OpenXmlPart;

XmlDocument xmlDoc = new XmlDocument();


xmlDoc.Save(chartType.GetStream(FileMode.Create, FileAccess.Write));


8.      Close the excel handler





This is a simple demo which demonstrates ease of use of Open XML SDK for replacing types of charts in Excel 2007 document. The example demo is attached with the article as a zip file.
Attachment: ExcelChartTypeSDKDemo.zip
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